A summary of the consideration of the draft report is available.
EP ENVI Committee Meeting – 6 November 2017
Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from and fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs)
· Consideration of draft report
· Deadline for tabling amendments: 15 November 2017, 11.00
– View related documents and the next stage of the procedure in the Policy Pipeline
Rapporteur Damiano Zoffoli (S&D, IT) made the following opening remarks
- the draft report aimed at filling the existing gap of a verified joint database on the actual CO2 emissions of new HDVs causing a competition problem among the car manufacturers and the lack of a stimulus for innovation in more energy efficient technologies;
- this inevitably led to higher CO2 emissions of trucks and buses, producing around 25% of emissions in the EU, thereby threatening the EU’s 40% emission reduction target;
- this lack had also resulted in the inability of SMEs to chose the most fuel-efficient vehicles, resulting in operating costs that were around one-third higher than they had to be;
- one of the Commission’s initiatives to tackle this problem had been the development of the emission-testing software “VECTO” as a common measure to determine the exact CO2 emissions from and fuel consumption of new HDVs;
- in addition, the Commission had drafted a Proposal for a Commission regulation on the determination of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption of new lorries above 7.5 tonnes based on VECTO (May 2017), coming into force in February 2018 and obliging all European car manufacturers to carry out emission tests on the basis of VECTO for each new vehicle;
- moreover, on the basis of a second proposal for a regulation on Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions from and fuel consumption of new HDVs this data had to be monitored and registered in a public database managed by the European Environment Agency;
- pointed out that he had tabled amendments asking the Commission to better clarify the relationship between the two regulations and an amendment calling for a clearer definition of the scope and timing of their implementation in order to allow for VECTO being applied to all vehicles that were currently not covered by the certification procedure, such as certain buses, trailers and electric vehicles;
- on the transparency of data, he had drafted another amendment calling to require car manufacturers to submit sufficient data on the conformity of their vehicles with the regulations;
- there were currently two kinds of data, one being automatically made public and the other more sensitive one only upon request of third parties and upon respecting confidentiality;
- other amendments called for the enforcement of road tests on real-driving emissions and of sanctions in cases of discrepancies between the real and the communicated data.
- highlighted the importance of the draft report for decarbonising the road transport sector;
- in order for the sector to reduce its fuel consumption through innovation, better data transparency and information was necessary while safeguarding the sectors competitiveness which is why Christofer Fjellner prepared a number of amendments on behalf of the EPP group.
Eleonora Evi (EFDD, IT)
- taking account the fact that without better regulation there would be a 17% increase in emissions from HDVs up until 2030, the transport sector had to decarbonise as soon as possible;
- future scandals like “Dieselgate” and car cartels breaching the existing rules on fuel consumption testing and data had to be prohibited by enforcing VECTO and by setting sufficient obligatory parameters;
- called on the Commission to publish all existing data on HDVs from independent tests to ensure proper accessibility of information for independent third parties, citizens and SMEs.
Rebecca Harms (Greens/EFA, DE)
- the big problem was that despite the EU’s ambitions for setting high targets in order to fulfil the Paris Agreement and to keep global warming under two degrees, the greenhouse gas emissions of HDVs were continuously increasing;
- concerned companies in the road freight sector were predominantly SMEs which needed greater access to information in order to decrease the fuel-efficiency of their vehicles and consequently reduce their operating costs;
- called on the Commission to present a proposal setting ambitious emission limits by the latest on 31 March 2018.
Miriam Dalli (S&D, MT)
- one of the key lessons from the Dieselgate scandal had been that emission tests were vulnerable for abuse, especially once they were made the basis of legislation, taxes or tolling as currently planned;
- agreed with the Rapporteur Damiano Zoffoli (S&D, IT) and called for on-road compliance testing mechanisms for HDVs on the basis of transparency and third-party testing in order to avoid another Dieselgate;
- to ensure the verification and correctness of data the Commission needed sufficient sanctions at its disposal;
- especially data for new trucks should be easily accessible and free of charge;
- called for ambitious CO2 reduction targets for 2025 in the transport sector in line with the Paris Agreement goals.
The Representative from the Commission made the following remarks
- HDVs produced 25% of CO2 emissions in the road transport sector and currently increased by up to 10% till 2030 which is why strong regulation was needed in order to curb emissions in the sector;
- the proposal on Monitoring and reporting of CO2 emissions discussed in Committee was the next step following up on the recent approval of the so-called “VECTO Regulation” strengthening the certification rules for new HDVs;
- the proposed measures only increased the vehicle prices by one Euro while significantly improving data transparency and information on fuel consumption available to SMEs predominantly operating HDVs;
- this contributed to a more transparent and competitive market and to the adoption of the most energy-efficient vehicle technologies;
- furthermore, the current proposal was a prerequisite for further legislation on CO2 emission standards for HDVs, which the Commission would propose in 2018.
Rapporteur Damiano Zoffoli (S&D, IT) closed the debate with the following remarks:
- thanked his colleagues for their contributions and encouraged them to propose further amendments and improvements.
Source: One Policy Place