A summary of the consideration of the draft report is available.
EP TRAN Committee Meeting – 9 November 2017
A European strategy on Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS)
· Consideration of draft report
– View related documents and the next stage of the procedure in the Policy Pipeline
Rapporteur István Ujhelyi (S&D, HU) made the following opening remarks
- the report was the basis for achieving the objective of integrating C-ITS into EU citizens everyday lives;
- C-ITS provided tremendous opportunity for more safety and security by avoiding road traffic accidents caused by human error;
- at the moment, the EU was lacking behind in terms of technological development in comparison with the US and China due to the remaining fragmentation of 28 Member States (MS) with different levels of progress;
- consequently and although many stakeholders were involved in the legislation, the proposal had to be adopted as soon as possible to lay the groundwork for a successful C-ITS implementation in all MS;
- highlighted the importance of two reports by the two Commission expert groups: The C-ITS Platform Draft II – towards Cooperative, Connected and Automated Mobility and the High Level Group GEAR 2030 report on automotive competitiveness and sustainability;
- the car, telecommunications and IT industries needed to represent a united front and cooperate across all MS in order to be successfully transformed and to adopt to the technological progress;
- supported the direction set out by the European Commission (EC) but pointed out that his report was aimed at speeding up the process in comparison to the EC communication;
- as a Socialist member he had to emphasise that no new technologies could be introduced that would leave parts of EU citizens or regions behind;
- therefore, the EU had to provide the same sustainability, connectivity, data protection and cybersecurity to all EU citizens;
- with regards to paragraph 15 of the draft report, concerning ETSI, G5 and mobile systems, he would make changes in order to allow for these technologies to communicate with each other;
- so far, there was no agreement on paragraph 20, concerning the legislative framework covering interoperability in the whole EU and creating equal conditions on the free access to vehicle data, fair competition and consumer protection yet;
- consequently, he asked for the proposal of many amendments in order to resolve the remaining issues.
Henna Virkkunen (EPP, FI)
- underlined the importance of the proposal on C-ITS since the car industry was the biggest industry in Europe and for keeping up with the US and China;
- the Commission strategy provided a good base for connectivity and a more efficient and sustainable transport system, needed in times of continuously increasing numbers of cars;
- against this background, she called for a more ambitious report setting concrete targets and time tables;
- agreed to the communication’s hybrid approach of combining complementary communication technologies;
- highlighted the importance of paragraph 20 aimed at balancing the need for cybersecurity and data protection while ensuring that interested parties had access to vehicle data in order to enable innovation;
- called for the financial support of the development of cross-border services through research and pilot projects;
- the communication aimed at obliging the car industry to enable the full-scale employment of C-ITS systems by 2019 which is why the Committee had to make sure not to over-regulate the sector to encourage innovation and take into account the importance of national legislation.
- called for setting a strong signal of the EU being a world leader in C-ITS to ensure the efficiency, safety and the overall comfort of transport;
- the EU legislation had to provide legal certainty in order to promote investment;
- the automotive industry was international which is why all trade partners and stakeholders had to be involved.
Matthijs van Miltenburg (ALDE, NL)
- praised the draft report’s focus on connectivity, data protection and cybersecurity;
- the EC should rapidly establish a legal framework in order to achieve EU-wide interoperability as reflected in paragraph 20;
- C-ITS contributed to making transport safer, more sustainable and more efficient which is why they had to be more and more implemented in vehicles;
- the ALDE Group called for a liberal market approach on the basis of technology neutrality since the best technology was established by the market;
- to achieve the safety of EU citizens, in the long run, it had to be ensured that all vehicles communicated with each other;
- urged the EC to ensure the optimal implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) obliging car manufacturers to only use data after having received the consent of the users or car owners;
- underlined the importance of cross-border pilot projects and the need for exchanging best practices on the ITS platform and called for the provision of adequate funding;
- the amendments to be tabled by the ALDE Group mainly concerned consumer rights and technology neutrality, as well as one on paragraph 21 concerning the dialogue with the social partners, in order to better balance the negative and positive aspects on employment in certain sectors.
Merja Kyllönen (GUE/NGL, FL)
- C-ITS was closely linked to the Single European Transport Area, the Digital Single Market and the Energy Union Strategy which is why further cross-border cooperation and financing instruments were urgently needed;
- it further was the solution for linking the collaborative aspects of safety and security with the business models in road transport and to increase efficiency, reduce fuel-consumption and boost the EU’s competitiveness.
Jakop Dalunde (Greens/EFA, SE)
- welcomed paragraph 12 on privacy and data protection as well as paragraph 14 on cybersecurity, although the Greens/EFA would like to see stronger formulations to achieve better coordination and cooperation;
- called for a reference to the UN Charter on the accessibility of persons with reduced mobility in order to obtain barrier-free accessibility of C-ITS for all citizens;
- with regards to paragraph 19 on intermodality, information, booking and ticketing tools should be better integrated to achieve door-to-door mobility;
- finally, non-motorised mobility, such as walking or cycling, should also be mentioned.
Other MEPs made the following interventions
Dieter-Lebrecht Koch (EPP, DE)
- welcomed the C-ITS draft report as complementing his road safety report in achieving more road safety and consumer protection for all citizens and in promoting progress in automated driving.
Georges Bach (EPP, LU)
- data traffic and exchange between vehicles and infrastructure would change the legal situation on data protection which is why he highlighted the importance of cybersecurity for intermodal transport as mentioned in paragraph 19.
Gesine Meissner (ALDE, DE)
- highlighted the importance of C-ITS for better connectivity in rural areas.
TRAN Chair, Karima Delli (Greens/EFA)
- underlined the importance of clean carbon transport in order to deliver on the COP 21 commitments and fighting air pollution, of inclusive mobility, of fighting fragmentation due to digital and connectivity gaps and pointed out that until automated mobility would be established remaining questions on data protection and cybersecurity had to be answered first.
Werner Kuhn (EPP, DE)
- in order to allow for the paradigm shift towards automated transport to happen the technological level of satellite-based navigation systems had to be assessed first;
- he further pointed out the vitality of telematic systems for energy efficiency in transport.
The Representative from the Commission, DG MOVE, Geert Van Der Linden, made the following closing remarks
- the EC welcomed the draft opinion for its support of the EC’s work of increasing road safety and fighting the current €1 Billion economic loss caused by road congestion and air pollution annually;
- the conversion of cooperative, connected and intelligent transport systems was happening and the EC strategy, published one year ago, was focussing on the cooperative element;
- both the industry and public authorities widely supported the target of bringing these elements together by 2019 which gave the EU industry a competitive advantage compared to its competitors;
- the EC further promoted cross-border projects in the C-Roads Platform which currently consisted of 16 EU MS and in talks with third countries to ensure that C-ITS benefitted all EU citizens;
- the EC had received statements by the automobile industry committing to deploy C-ITS as a standard vehicle equipment to all EU citizens;
- more work needed to be done in the area of data protection which is why the EC was working together with experts and MS on cross-border testing;
- the EC was moreover preparing a delegated act under the ITS directive focussing on the two key elements interoperability and backwards comparability to safeguard investments;
- asked the Committee to mention the ITS directive in its report.
Rapporteur István Ujhelyi (S&D, HU) closed the debate with the following remarks:
- after hearing the discussion he would await further amendments and would also table some in the near future.
Source: One Policy Place