The societal benefits of Arctic observation far outweigh the investment required to conduct it, according to a new study from the JRC. Scientists assessed ten case studies to identify whether insights gained from monitoring the Arctic have a measurable impact on things like forest and fisheries management, or infrastructure adaptation.
Electrical energy storage plays a crucial role in ensuring mobility and reliable energy supply in the future. Li-ion technology is considered as one of the solutions also for large scale applications (e.g.electrification of transport, smart grids). As we move from single cells to modules and packs, failure modes in Li-ion batteries become increasingly complex and their potential damage can be substantial and difficult to deal with. Failure modes due to thermal, mechanical, electrical abuse or cell-internal failure may develop into so-called thermal runaway which is accompanied by hazardous effects.
If warming rises more than 2°C above pre-industrial levels and no adequate adaptation measures are implemented, Europe is in danger of being exposed to more frequent and intense extreme weather conditions, which will also have significant economic impacts. This outlook is the result of a detailed assessment of the impact of climate change on Europe’s economy, society and environment made by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the Commission’s science and knowledge hub.
The October edition of the JRC’s Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment shows evidence of drought in western Yemen, which adds pressure to the already dire food security situation caused by conflict and food import blockage. Irrigation deficits and drought have also affected production in Iraq and in parts of Central Asia. In the dry corridor region in Central America, the second crop season is progressing well, whereas first-season production by small-scale farmers was affected by drought. In East, West and Central Africa, crop conditions are generally good, with the exception of flood- and conflict-hit areas in Nigeria and conflict areas in South Sudan.
A new JRC report points to inexpensive and profitable solutions to reduce methane emissions in the energy, waste, wastewater and agriculture sectors.
Two JRC scientists discuss their contribution to the Living Planet Report 2018 published today by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
While the ocean energy sector is still at an early stage of development, a new report analyses ten future emerging technologies to generate energy from the ocean tides and waves.
The Mediterranean Basin is feeling the effects of climate change more than ever. This comes on top of the negative environmental pressures exerted by land-use change (urbanisation, agricultural intensification), pollution and declining biodiversity.
JRC scientists have compiled a report with estimates of the sugars content of several food and drink categories in 2015. It provides a baseline to assist with the monitoring of progress on food product reformulation. This supports the EU target to reduce added sugars by a minimum of 10% by 2020.
The European Commission has just updated the strategy to boost Europe’s bioeconomy. In this interview, two JRC bioeconomy experts reflect on the challenges, opportunities and scientific achievements linked to bio-based economy.
Scientists have mapped the distribution of bumblebees in Europe and created a predictive map that can be used to monitor and mitigate bumblebee decline. The recent decline in plant and crop pollination represents a threat to ecosystems and agriculture.
JRC scientists have identified the hotspots where competition over the use of shared water resources could lead to disagreements between countries.
The Joint Research Centre has published a new guidance to help competent authorities in Member States regulate emissions to air and water from about 55 000 large industrial installations across Europe.
The September edition of the JRC’s Anomaly Hotspots of Agricultural Production (ASAP) assessment shows evidence of reduced primera (May-June) production in Central America and reduced production of irrigated summer crops in the Middle-East. Irrigation deficits and drought have also affected crop production in Central and South Asia. Conditions are generally good in East, West and Central Africa, with the exception of heavy floods in Nigeria.
Even with increased production, by 2050 the European pulp and paper industry can reduce its energy consumption by 14% and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 62% compared to 2015 levels.
European countries are making progress on tackling soil contamination. A new report from the JRC finds that over 5,000 new sites are under remediation or risk-reduction measures since 2011.
According to the September issue of the JRC MARS Crop monitoring in Europe Bulletin, which was published today, yield forecasts for spring and summer crops have once again been revised slightly downwards at the EU level.
Vladimír Šucha, Director General, Joint Research Centre (JRC), and Kirsten Dunlop, Chief Executive Officer, Climate-KIC, have signed a collaboration agreement between both organisations, for an initial two-year period starting from the end of July 2018.
On 11 September 2018, the United Nations released its 2018 report on the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World. The second part of the report uses JRC research to establish a link between climate variability, food security and nutrition .