According to preliminary data for 2018, the EU’s exports of services to the rest of the world increased by 0.7% between 2017 and 2018, from €912.4 billion to €918.5 billion, while imports increased by 1.1%, from €720.7 billion to €728.4 billion.
The average price for electricity for non-household consumers in the European Union (EU), calculated excluding VAT and other recoverable taxes and levies, has increased around 2.8% on average between the second half of 2017 and the second half of 2018. On average, in the EU, non-household natural gas prices, excluding VAT and other recoverable taxes and levies, grew an 11.0% between the second halves of 2017 and 2018.
On average, household electricity prices in the European Union (EU) increased to €21.1 per 100 kWh (+3.5%), between the second half of 2017 and the second half of 2018. Nevertheless, the average EU household electricity price was only €0.1 per 100 kWh higher than in the second half of 2015, the former peak in the last ten years. Across the EU Member States, household electricity prices in the second half of 2018 ranged from €10 per 100 kWh in Bulgaria to around €30 per 100 kWh in Denmark, Germany and Belgium.
Goods imported and exported by the European Union (EU) can be invoiced in a range of currencies. In 2018, the euro was the most used currency for EU exports with a share of 48% of the total value of goods exported to non-EU countries and a share of 35% invoiced in US dollars. The picture was reversed for imports, with 56% of imports paid in US dollars and around a third in euros (35%). For total trade (exports plus imports) the US dollar (45%) was used slightly more often than the euro (41%).
In 2018, the United States was the largest partner for EU exports of goods (21 % of total extra-EU exports) and second largest for EU imports of goods (14 % of total extra-EU imports), after China (20 %).
March 2019 compared with February 2019.
The first estimate for euro area (EA19) exports of goods to the rest of the world in March 2019 was €205.6 billion, an increase of 3.1% compared with March 2018 (€199.5 bn). Imports from the rest of the world stood at €183.1 bn, a rise of 6.0% compared with March 2018 (€172.7 bn).
This article shows trends in municipal waste generation and treatment in the European Union (EU) from 1995 to 2017. There is a very distinct trend towards less landfilling as countries move steadily towards alternative ways of treating waste.
In 2018 around 8.9 million people were employed in the European Union (EU) as ICT specialists. The profession was predominately male, as only 17 % (1.5 million) of the ICT specialists were women.
Across the EU Member States, the lowest proportions of female ICT specialists were in Hungary (9 %), Czechia (10 %) and Greece (11 %). The highest shares were in Bulgaria (28 %), Lithuania (25 %) and Romania (24 %).
In 2018 the European Union (EU) exported € 4.7 billion worth of electric cars and hybrid electric cars that can be driven in combination with a petrol or diesel engine. Imports of electric and hybrid electric cars were worth € 1.6 billion, resulting in a trade surplus of € 3.0 billion.
Eurostat estimates that in 2018 carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion significantly decreased by 2.5% in the European Union (EU), compared with the previous year. CO2 emissions are a major contributor to global warming and account for around 80% of all EU greenhouse gas emissions. They are influenced by factors such as climate conditions, economic growth, size of the population, transport and industrial activities.
In 2017 there were 262 million cars registered in the European Union (EU) Member States. Around 2 million (0.8 %) of these were classified as either electric cars or hybrid electric cars that can be driven in combination with a petrol or diesel engine.
In 2017, European Union (EU) residents made nearly 1.3 billion trips with at least one overnight stay either in their home country or abroad. One out of every six of these trips (218 million) used the aeroplane as the main means of transport.
In 2017, the EU’s 28 Member States spent €31.2 billion of government expenditure for ‘fire-protection services’, whilst almost 300 000 persons were employed as fire fighters in the European Union (EU) in 2017 as well as in 2018.
In March 2019, compared with February 2019, industrial producer prices fell by 0.1% in the euro area (EA19) and rose by 0.1% in the EU28, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In February 2019, prices increased by 0.1% in the euro area and by 0.2% in the EU28.
The price of communications (postal services, telephone and telefax equipment, telephone and telefax services) for consumers in the European Union (EU) fell by 10 % in the period March 2009 – March 2019. This fall contrasts with an increase of 16 % over the same period for total consumer prices, as measured by the monthly Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP).
In the European Union (EU) in 2016 there were 3 182 fatal accidents at the work place. This represents a standardised incidence rate of 2.2 fatal accidents per 100,000 workers, which is 12 % below the rate in 2009 (2.5 %).
About 1.3 million people were studying Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the European Union (EU) in 2016. Girls and women were largely in a minority, accounting for only 17 % of all ICT students.
Quarterly fluctuation of deposits held by general government.
The value of trade of agricultural goods between the European Union and the rest of the world was € 275 billion in 2018, equivalent to 7.0 % of the total extra EU international trade in goods.
According to 2018 survey results on the usage of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) 19 % of individuals in the European Union (EU) arranged accommodation (room, apartment, house, holiday cottage, etc.) via websites or apps from another private individual for private purposes in the preceding 12 months. Most of the individuals used dedicated websites or apps, but other websites or apps (including those of social networks) have also been used. These peer-to-peer services are part of the so called ‘collaborative’ or ‘sharing economy’.
February 2019 compared with January 2019.