Without increased investment in coastal adaptation, the expected annual damage caused by coastal floods in Europe could increase from €1.25 billion today to between €93 billion and €961 billion by the end of the century.
Scientists are conducting large-scale hydraulic experiments to better adapt to consequences of global warming.
The European Union is the third biggest greenhouse gases emitter in the world after China and the US. The energy sector was responsible for 78% of EU greenhouse gas emissions in 2015. In 2008, the EU set the target to cut these emissions by 20% compared to 1990 levels. It is well on track to reach this goal: in 2015 the amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the EU represented a decrease of 22% compared with 1990 levels.
Across the world, extreme weather and prolonged heat waves are setting records. In Europe, the historical heat record – set in Athens 41 years ago – may be broken today if parts of Spain and Portugal creep above 48°C. In Japan, temperatures are still in the mid-30s after Tokyo saw its highest ever recorded temperature of 41°C in late July. And in South Korea as many as 29 people died from heatstroke this week, after temperatures in Seoul hit a 111 year high. Beijing also broke a 50-year record in June.
EU-funded scientists took the global warming battle literally to the streets of the cities that generate disproportionate heat fluxes, especially during increasingly prevalent heat waves. The URBANFLUXES team combined local readings and satellite-based data to map hot spots, which can help planners tackle the problem.
Speakers at last week’s high-level stakeholder consultation conference on the EU’s long-term strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions lamented the fact that the importance of soil in climate change, global warming and prosperity is severely underestimated in EU policy.
During a public ceremony in Mbabane a EUR 36.4 loan agreement was signed between the European Investment Bank and the Ministry of Finance of Eswatini, in support of phase two of the Lower Usuthu Smallholder Irrigation Project (LUSIP II) being developed by the Swaziland Water and Agricultural Development Enterprise (SWADE).