Future expansion of the palm oil industry could have a dramatic impact on African primates, according to the findings of a new study led by the JRC.
The impact of heavy droughts, heatwaves and cold spells on energy demand and supplies would be lessened with seasonal climate forecasts that allow energy companies to better predict spikes in usage ahead of time, researchers say.
Without increased investment in coastal adaptation, the expected annual damage caused by coastal floods in Europe could increase from €1.25 billion today to between €93 billion and €961 billion by the end of the century.
Europe is one of the most urbanised regions in the world, with 73 % of its population living in cities and towns. With the expected rise in global urbanisation in the coming decades, European cities will be facing many challenges associated with sustainable urban development.
The JRC has prepared an update on pasture conditions in Europe, with a particular focus on regions in central and northern EU countries that have experienced exceptionally dry conditions.
The European Commission is closely following through the EU Civil Protection Mechanism the impact of the strong earthquakes that struck the Indonesian island of Lombok in late July and in early August that displaced thousands of people.
The European Union is the third biggest greenhouse gases emitter in the world after China and the US. The energy sector was responsible for 78% of EU greenhouse gas emissions in 2015. In 2008, the EU set the target to cut these emissions by 20% compared to 1990 levels. It is well on track to reach this goal: in 2015 the amount of greenhouse gas emissions in the EU represented a decrease of 22% compared with 1990 levels.
Across the world, extreme weather and prolonged heat waves are setting records. In Europe, the historical heat record – set in Athens 41 years ago – may be broken today if parts of Spain and Portugal creep above 48°C. In Japan, temperatures are still in the mid-30s after Tokyo saw its highest ever recorded temperature of 41°C in late July. And in South Korea as many as 29 people died from heatstroke this week, after temperatures in Seoul hit a 111 year high. Beijing also broke a 50-year record in June.
Over 360 fire-fighting personnel, 7 planes, 6 helicopters and 67 vehicles were mobilised through the European Civil Protection Mechanism in the past three weeks, to assist Sweden in combating the unprecedented forest fires.
The European Commission is supporting European farmers in the face of the current extreme drought situations by enabling higher advanced payments and granting more flexibility for farmers to use land that would normally not be used for production, in order to feed their animals, in addition to support under the existing Common Agricultural Policy legislation.
JRC scientists have carried out a dam break analysis to assist with emergency response efforts following catastrophic flooding in Attapeu Province in Laos.
As Southeast Asia is faced with the yearly monsoon season and its potentially devastating effects, the European Commission has released €6 million for disaster preparedness initiatives in the region.This funding comes on top of the €7 million announced in May to support Bangladesh scale up preparedness measures for the rainy season.
The European Commission is standing by Europe’s farmers this summer, as they grapple with the difficulties of extreme droughts.
“Currently, the Greek authorities make an estimate of the damage caused by fires, on the basis of which they will send the application for EUSF to the European Commission. As soon as the necessary conditions for accessing this fund are met, we are ready to do everything possible to pay an advance as quickly as possible.”