Covering about 70.9% of the Earth’s surface, the ocean plays an essential role for life, not only marine life but mankind as well. But the ocean is under threat: acidification, sea warming, habitat destruction, coastal pollution, overfishing and plastic litter are major threats to ocean life.
Agenda items include the CBD and IPBES Notifications, the Outcome of the fifth meeting of the Informal Expert Group on the follow-up to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, Preparations for the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Preparations for the seventh session of the Meeting of the Parties (MOP 7) to the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds and Preparations for the 38th meeting of the Standing Committee of the Convention on the Conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention).
Scientists have mapped the distribution of bumblebees in Europe and created a predictive map that can be used to monitor and mitigate bumblebee decline. The recent decline in plant and crop pollination represents a threat to ecosystems and agriculture.
Across the EEA-33 countries, emissions of lead decreased by 93 %, mercury by 71 % and cadmium by 64 % between 1990 and 2016. The majority of the decrease in lead emissions occurred by 2004 mainly as a result of the phase out of leaded petrol across Europe. The largest emission source presently is ‘Energy use in industry’, contributing around one-third of total emissions. Since 1990 the two sectors contributing most to the decrease in mercury emissions are ‘Energy use in industry’ and ‘Industrial processes and product use’.