The European Commission has approved under EU State aid rules a €9 million aid scheme to encourage the shift of the transport of iron slabs from road to rail in the region of Friuli Venezia Giulia in Italy.
The European Commission will today share the preliminary results of a study on the negative effects that transport has on the environment, health, air quality and climate – the so-called external costs. The study also looks at infrastructure costs and how these are covered by relevant taxes and charges. One of the main findings is the extent of the overall external costs of transport, estimated at around € 1 000 billion annually (almost 7% of the gross domestic product of the 28 EU Member States).
The study revealed that there is a strong and growing demand for fuel cell buses in cities across Europe, and that some bus manufacturers and hydrogen suppliers have a desire to push the market into a commercial phase. Evidence from several European bus manufacturers suggests that significant further cost reductions are possible at a scale of production of several hundred fuel cell buses per manufacturer per year.
The Directive relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise (the Environmental Noise Directive – END, 2002/49/EC) is the main EU instrument to identify noise pollution levels and to trigger the necessary action both at Member State and at EU level.