The European Commission has just updated the strategy to boost Europe’s bioeconomy. In this interview, two JRC bioeconomy experts reflect on the challenges, opportunities and scientific achievements linked to bio-based economy.
Covering about 70.9% of the Earth’s surface, the ocean plays an essential role for life, not only marine life but mankind as well. But the ocean is under threat: acidification, sea warming, habitat destruction, coastal pollution, overfishing and plastic litter are major threats to ocean life.
Across the EEA-33 countries, emissions of lead decreased by 93 %, mercury by 71 % and cadmium by 64 % between 1990 and 2016. The majority of the decrease in lead emissions occurred by 2004 mainly as a result of the phase out of leaded petrol across Europe. The largest emission source presently is ‘Energy use in industry’, contributing around one-third of total emissions. Since 1990 the two sectors contributing most to the decrease in mercury emissions are ‘Energy use in industry’ and ‘Industrial processes and product use’.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) has signed a Governmental Agreement with the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt for an amount of EUR 214m to support the Kitchener Drain depollution project. The new financing is part of the EIB’s Economic Resilience Initiative (ERI) and will improve the sanitation and solid waste services for approximately 6 million people in the Nile delta region.
A EUR 100m loan will finance water and wastewater projects within the framework of the EU‑sponsored Climate Action and Environment Facility. This operation will help Uzbekistan to better address its high external water resource dependency and the scarcity of locally available freshwater resources. Some 80% of the water used in Uzbekistan originates from neighbouring countries.
Update – A revised version has been published.
JRC scientists have identified the hotspots where competition over the use of shared water resources could lead to disagreements between countries.