Between 8 and 14 November 2019, EU Member States reported a total of six human cases of West Nile virus infections: 5 in Italy and 1 in Germany. No cases were reported from EU neighbouring countries. A human case was reported for the first time from a new area in Germany: in Leipzig, Kreisfreie Stadt. This week, three deaths were reported by Greece (2) and Romania (1).
The ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report (CDTR) is a weekly bulletin for epidemiologists and health professionals on active public health threats. This issue covers the period 10 November – 16 November 2019 and includes updates on West Nile fever, influenza A(H9N2), multicountry influenza, Ebola virus disease and Salmonella Mikawasima.
During the three-year period 2015-2017, the life expectancy of a male newborn in the European Union (EU) was 78.1 years. On average, men tend to live 5.4 years less than women in the EU. Across EU regions, the Comunidad de Madrid and Inner London — West recorded the highest male life expectancy at 82.0 years during the period 2015-2017. This was followed by regions in Italy and the United Kingdom.
For 2018, 18 countries in the EU/EEA reported 441 cases of tularaemia, 358 (81%) of which were confirmed. The EU/EEA notification rate for 2018 was 0.07 cases per 100 000 population. The male-to-female ratio was 1.7:1. As in previous years, the notification rate among males was higher in most age groups except for the age groups between 5 and 24 years. Notification rates increased with age and peaked at 45–64 years.
In 2016, 114 400 people in the European Union (EU) died from diabetes in 2016, representing over 2% of all deaths.
Are you likelier than others to develop type 2 diabetes? Lifestyle changes could dramatically reduce the risk, but you may need advice and support to make them. EU-funded researchers are trialling an affordable way for healthcare systems to make effective assistance available across entire populations – with a little help from patients’ families.
In 2016, 131 450 people in the European Union (EU) died from pneumonia. Pneumonia was responsible for almost 3% of all deaths in 2016.
The monitoring report is based on measles and rubella data from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) for 1 October 2018 to 30 September 2019. Twenty-nine countries reported measles data for September 2019, of which 280 cases were reported by 17 countries; 12 countries reported no cases. Overall, case numbers continued to decrease compared with the previous two months. Romania and France had the highest case counts with 112 and 56 cases, respectively. Notable decreases were reported in France, Italy, the United Kingdom and Lithuania.
For 2018, 29 countries reported 7 204 confirmed yersiniosis cases in the EU/EEA. The overall notification rate was 1.7 per 100 000 population and remained stable from 2014 to 2018. The highest rates were reported by Finland, Belgium and the Czech Republic. The highest rate was detected in 0-4 year-old children; 7.9 per 100 000 population for males and 6.8 per 100 000 population for females.
A summary of the exchange of views is now available
Between 25 and 30 October 2019, EU Member States reported nine human cases in Italy (4), Romania (2), Germany (1), Hungary (1) and Bulgaria (1). Two cases were reported from EU neighbouring countries, both in Turkey. A human case was reported for the first time from one area in Germany. This week, one death was reported by Bulgaria.
In the European Union (EU), the young-age dependency ratio stood at 35% in 2017. In other words, there was on average one young person (aged 19 or less) for three people of working age. The old-age dependency ratio was a little lower (33%), representing the ratio of the number of elderly people (aged 65 and over) compared to the number of people of working age.
At city level, Brussels is the youngest capital city in the EU with a young-age dependency ratio of over 40%, closely followed by Paris and Dublin (39%). In contrast, Lisbon, with an old-age-dependency ratio of over 41%, is the capital city with oldest citizens, ahead of Rome (36%) and Valletta (34%).
On the occasion of World Cities Day, we take a look at the demographic diversity in cities of the EU.
In 2018, about 28.7% of the EU population with a disability (aged 16 or over) was at risk of poverty or social exclusion, compared with 19.2% of those with no limitation. There are significant differences across Member States, yet in all of them people with a disability are more exposed to the risk of poverty and social exclusion than those with none. The proportion of people with a disability at risk of poverty or social exclusion ranged from 18.4% in Slovakia (2017 data), 21.0% in France and 21.7% in Austria to 43.0% in Lithuania, 43.6% in Latvia, peaking at 49.4% in Bulgaria.
This report is based on data for 2017 retrieved from The European Surveillance System (TESSy) on 26 April 2019. TESSy is a system for the collection, analysis and dissemination of data on communicable diseases. EU Member States and EEA countries contribute to the system by uploading their infectious disease surveillance data at regular intervals.
Germany has reported an outbreak of carbapenemase-producing (NDM-1 and OXA-48) and colistin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type (ST) 307. As of 21 October 2019, 17 patients in three hospitals and one rehabilitation clinic in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania in north-east Germany have been affected. Six of the 17 cases presented with clinical symptoms of infection, while 11 were identified as be carriers.
During the 2017–2018 season, influenza activity started in week 49/2018, peaked in week 7/2019 and returned to baseline levels in week 17/2019. Influenza viruses circulated at high levels between weeks 52/2018 and 12/2019.
This spreadsheet contains all surveillance system overview tables from ECDC’s annual epidemiological report for 2018.
A summary of the exchange of views is now available