Includes the report: Germany 2020 Energy Policy Review
Nuclear safety is generally the responsibility of EU Member States using nuclear energy, but the European Commission also has specific responsibilities in the field, mainly for legislation and oversight. According to a new report from the European Court of Auditors, the Commission has met these responsibilities but still has scope to update the legal framework and its internal guidelines.
To manufacture the various ITER components, engineers around the world need to think out of the box. Quite often they may have to develop tooling from scratch because it may not be readily available in the market to test components during fabrication. ITER is not only creating a direct demand for industry and laboratories to put all their talent to producing its components. It is also pushing those involved to go beyond the state of art and to transfer their know-how to new applications.
Despite widespread expectations of another increase, global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions stopped growing in 2019, according to IEA data released yesterday.
During the lifecycle of the biggest fusion device, engineers will need to replace and repair a number of its components. In parallel, they will need to monitor their operation and to be able to see what is happening inside and around the machine. The massive chamber where the in-vessel components are housed will only be accessed remotely with the help of man-in-the-loop robotics.
The EU’s primary energy consumption in 2017 was 9 % lower than in 2005, a trend which will continue in 2018 based on EEA’s preliminary estimates. The share of all non-renewable fuels in EU primary energy consumption has decreased between 2005 and 2017, while the share of renewable fuels has significantly increased over the same period. Still, the EU’s primary energy consumption rose above the indicative trajectory set by the EEA to monitor progress towards the 2020 energy efficiency targets, a trend which is expected to continue also in 2018. Therefore, achieving the 2020 targets is increasingly uncertain.
For decades the global nuclear energy industry was a highly diverse and vibrant market. Today the situation has changed with the global nuclear energy market becoming increasingly dominated by the state-owned companies of Russia and China. Both countries are continuing to step up efforts to strengthen their position in the global markets, especially in critical regions such as the Middle East and South Asia. Nearly two-thirds of the new reactors under construction worldwide are using designs from China and Russia. This development has heightened concerns about a weakening of nuclear governance standards, as well as potential political, economic and international security implications for Europe, its neighbours and partners.
ITER will require a sophisticated and agile inspection system to perform a series of checks inside the machine. Cutting-edge technologies bringing together metrology instruments, high-tech vision and robotics will be deployed to create a one billion pixel 3D map of the plasma-facing surfaces inside the ITER device.
The European Radon Week 2020 will combine three workshops and is addressed to national authorities, the scientific radon community, industry and all other experts interested in radon. The European Radon Week will give an overview of the work and research done in Europe, especially in the field of harmonisation of radon measurement methods, radon priority areas, mapping and communicating radon data. Invited experts will present results and experiences, but much time will be reserved for discussions.